Opportunities at the Cluster 3DMM2O

Below, you find opportunities to become a part of the Cluster of Excellence 3D Matter Made to Order.

Please note that the Application Portal of the HEiKA Graduate School on "Functional Materials" is open regardless of positions currently advertised on this site.

Current Joint Call

Within the Cluster of Excellence 3D Matter Made to Order (3DMM2O), which is supported by the DFG (German Research Foundation) as part of the Excellence Strategy, there are

5 open positions for Doctoral Researchers (f/m/d)
2 open positions for Postdoctoral Researchers (f/m/d)
4 open positions for Doctoral or Postdoctoral Researchers (f/m/d)

Requirements for the application include a degree (MSc or equivalent) with above-average marks in a participating or related field as well as openness to interdisciplinary work for Doctoral Researchers and a completed doctorate for Postdoctoral Researchers.

Additional information about the research topics and requirements below. Further questions about the research projects should be directed to the corresponding Principal Investigator.

Applications should be handed in only through our Application Portal. Please indicate the position you are interested in so we can make sure to evaluate your application accordingly. The following documents and data are required for your Application:

Doctoral Researchers

Within the frame of the Cluster of Excellence 3D Matter Made to Order (3DMM2O), the Blasco group focus on the development of new polymer-based functional materials with application in 4D microprinting. The additional fourth dimension refers to the ability of the printed materials to change its properties, such as shape or functionality, over time. Adaptability is a key feature for the applications in life sciences. Dynamic systems that can be adapted and interact with the cells are highly desired in order to mimic the 3D cellular environment in living organisms.

The group is seeking a highly motivated doctoral researcher with a strong interest in polymer chemistry, photochemistry as well as 3D printing. The aim of the project is the development of new adaptive multi-responsive printable biomaterials that can be applied as smart scaffolds for cells. A crucial requirement for the selection of materials and stimuli will be biocompatibility.

The doctoral researcher will work in an interdisciplinary and international environment with state-of-the-art equipment and facilities at the Centre for Advanced Materials (CAM) at Heidelberg University.


  • Degree in chemistry or material science
  • Background in synthetic organic, photochemistry and/or polymer chemistry
  • Experience in 3D printing is advantageous
  • Good level of English (oral and written) is essential

The integration of printed electronic devices in miniaturized complex hybrid electronic systems will require the design of 3D device architectures at the microscale. Furthermore, novel 3D printing techniques can enable the integration of optoelectronic devices onto 3D structured functional materials. The project consists in fabricating and characterizing thin film electronic devices through printing technology on the basis of functional materials that combine digital processability with optoelectronic and sensing functionalities.


  • Degree in Engineering, Material Science, Physics or Chemistry
  • Excellent Academic Record
  • Experience in thin film characterization or solution process fabrication of optoelectronic devices is desirable
  • Excellent verbal and written English proficiency is a requirement
  • Experience with printing technology and patterning techniques is a plus

Cells respond actively to the mechanical properties of their surroundings and can apply forces to shape the structure of their environment. The goal of this project is to investigate methods to achieve structurally and mechanically adaptive structures at the micrometer scale. The key method of this interdisciplinary project will be direct laser writing, but also investigations with electron microscopy, mechanical testing, cells experiments and confocal microscopy will be included. 


  • Master degree (or equivalent), ideally in (bio)physics, (bio)materials science, but we are also open for applications from related disciplines
  • Interest and experience in working in an interdisciplinary research field
  • Creativity and ideas for new and unconventional solutions
  • Very good English language skills, very good communication skills
  • Strong (self-)motivation, commitment, ability to work independently as well as in a team

Within the framework of the Cluster of Excellence 3D Matter Made to Order in the experimental research group of Prof. Dr. Petra Tegeder at the Physical Chemistry Institute, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, a doctoral position is available. Using Infrared scanning near-field optical microscopy (IR-s-SNOM) 3D materials such as functionalized surface-mounted metal-organic frameworks (SURMOFs) or polymer blends for 3D laser printing are investigated to gain detailed insights into structural properties. IR-s-SNOM allows to monitor a particular vibrational mode (spectroscopy modus) or to create chemical maps (microscopy modus) both with a lateral resolution of around 10 nm. For this project a novel IR-s-SNOM-setup is existing. 


  • Master Sc. in physics, chemistry or material science 
  • Strong interest in condensed matter physics, light-matter interactions and material science
  • Enthusiasm to work independently in a multidisciplinary and multicultural environment 

The goal of the thesis is to translate the idea of two-step absorption, which has recently emerged for one particular resist system and which uses compact inexpensive continuous-wave laser diodes, to other resist systems, e.g., to aqueous conditions for applications in the life sciences.


Ideally, you have a background in physics, chemistry, optics, polymer science, nanoscience, or materials science. 

Postdoctoral Researcher

A strong advantage of direct laser writing compared to extrusion printing is that light reaches inside transparent material. The aim of this interdisciplinary project is to investigate novel concepts for writing 3D structures in the presence of cells, particularly inside cells. Challenges will not only be limited to direct laser writing in complex materials, but also include aspects of biocompatibility, chemistry, and materials science. 


  • Master degree (or equivalent) and doctoral degree in (bio)physics, (bio)materials science, or in related disciplines
  • Experience with 3D printing is of advantage
  • Experience with organizing and conducting research projects and scientific publications
  • Interest to work in a highly interdisciplinary research field  
  • Creativity and ideas for new and unconventional solutions 
  • Very good English language skills, very good communication skills
  • Strong (self-)motivation, commitment, ability to work independently as well as in a team

You will be responsible for developing and validating multiscale models to describe the growth, structure and electronic properties of soft matter, as well as their interaction with small molecules and biomolecules, in particular polymers for 3D printing and metal-organic frameworks crosslinkers. Mainly you will be involved in molecular dynamics simulations using coarse-grained and all-atom models to understand and predict various properties of polymer materials at the nanoscale.  Specifically, this involves issues of e.g. exploring the effects of quenchers on the processing accuracy of printed polymer networks: resolution vs. mechanical properties and predicting the self-assembly properties of different block copolymers, as well as layer-by-layer printing of MOFs using polymers as crosslinkers. In addition, you will support the project partners in the development and implementation of the simulations for these projects.

The methods will be applied to current issues in multimaterial 3D printing and help experimentalists to predict the self-assembly properties of different block co-polymers and to model their internal structures, in cooperation with materials science research groups at KIT and international/national initiatives and published in international journals. Document the results through publications and presentations on conferences and workshops.

The staff member is expected to support KIT in the application and implementation of new European/national projects in multimaterial 3D printing and MOFs. This applies in particular with respect to the acquisition and implementation of third-party funded projects.


You have a doctoral degree and documented interest and experience in physics or chemistry or material sciences. Professional experience in theoretical physics and simulation methods, as well as good knowledge in the development and application of methods for calculating the structure and electronic properties of soft matter and its molecular mechanics are required. In addition, you have experience with complex simulations and simulation environments as well as programming experience (preferably python).

Doctoral or Postdoctoral Researcher

The candidate will work in an interdisciplinary environment with engineers, physicists, chemists and material scientists to investigate and seek solutions for additively manufactured electronic devices such as electrolyte-gated transistors, memristors and other active and passive devices to explore novel sensor concepts and integrated circuits, which can be used for bioelectronics or neuromorphic computing applications.


We are seeking candidates with a background in either physics, electrical engineering or material science as a first degree and the motivation to realize functional hardware based on thin film additive manufacturing processes. A thorough understanding of device physics and experience in one or more of the listed competencies will be highly beneficial for the application:

  • Inkjet-printing
  • Thin film deposition techniques such as sputtering, atomic layer deposition, spin coating, etc.
  • Functional ink development 
  • Photonic and chemical curing methods for reducing fabrication temperatures


  1. Development of 3-dimensional skin models using microfluidic technologies to investigate basic life science questions and medical applications; 
  2. Development of 3-dimensional cell clusters using synthetic/natural hybrid systems;
  3. Development of 3-dimensional metal fiber-polymer hybrid materials as sensors, actuators and electromagnetic shielding;


Physics and/or chemistry and/or physical-chemistry and/or biotechnology and/or molecular cell biology and/or biochemistry and/or bioengineering and/or molecular systems engineering and/or polymer-materials engineering.

Workplace: Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg and Stuttgart

Open Positions at KIT

Entrepreneur-minded chemist wanted for tech transfer project!

Research Group

Institute of Biological and Chemical Systems – Functional Molecular Systems (IBCS-FMS / Institute of Organic Chemistry (IOC), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Details of the project

The ultimate goal of this project is to transfer the technology for 3D printing of porous polymer objects developed within the 3DMM2O Cluster into a commercial product, spin-off company. The developed method for 3D printing porous polymer structures has a number of practically important and novel properties, which can find numerous applications in commercial products. In order to transfer this technology into a product or company, the candidate will have to analyze the market potential, the IP/freedom-to-operate, discuss with potential customers and relevant industry, prepare a business plan, write a proposal for further funding (e.g. EXIST, etc.).

Novel (patented) method for creating inherently porous polymer 3D structures was recently developed at the KIT. The method is based on 3D printing using light-induced polymerization combined with polymerization-induced phase separation. The method was demonstrated using direct laser writing (DLW) as well as digital light projection (DLP) to create both sub-mm or cm-scale 3D porous structures, respectively.

Available workspace and research infrastructure

All required laboratory and office space as well as potential consumables and infrastructure will be provided by the Levkin Group at the IBCS-FMS.


We are looking for a candidate for a tech transfer project in Prof. Levkin's working group at KIT in cooperation with Blasco group and Mastalerz group (Heidelberg University). The goal is to commercialize a new 3D printing method developed at the KIT. Candidates should develop a business plan (e.g. market analysis, competition analysis, evaluation of the patent landscape, business model development, etc ...) and have a strong interest in implementing this in the further course or in founding a company. The start would be winter 2021. The duration would initially be limited to 6-12 months.

If you are interested, please contact levkin∂kit.edu. Ideal candidate should have background in entrepreneurship, business plan preparation, applying for relevant funding and/or with expertise in 3D printing.

Contact PDF

Open Positions at Uni HD

Currently no job offers available.

Please make sure to also check the "Stellenmarkt" of Heidelberg University for new positions.

Carl Zeiss Foundation Stipends

The Carl Zeiss Foundation funds Doctoral Positions on self-selected topics as well as specified topics in the area of the Principal Investigators that joined the Cluster recently.

Currently, all Carl Zeiss Foundation stipends for doctoral researchers are allocated.

Prospective students of the MSc Materials Science and Engineering may apply for the Carl Zeiss Foundation Qualification Scholarship. More information here.

Bachelor / Master Theses

Bachelor / Master theses are advertised on the websites of Principal Investigators and Postdoctoral Researchers. Please make sure to check the websites of the Cluster scientists in your field of interest that are linked in their respective profile.

Student Assistants

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